Карта сайта

KHERSON - ASKANIA-NOVA (part 4 - NOVAYA KAKHOVKA)

NOVAYA KAKHOVKA

And now before us is the town of youth — Novaya Kakhovka. Near the town the Dnieper is crossed by a great dam, the second largest after the Dnieper Hydropower Station. It supplies electricity to the mines of Donbas, metallurgical works of Krivoy Rog, and a lot of towns, collective and state farms of the Ukraine.

Novaya Kakhovka has been built in the place of the old village Klyuchevoye which is 65 km from Kherson and 12 km from Kakhovka. Here is a description of what these places were like in the past:

"The bare, unprotected Tauria steppes seemed doomed: roofs were torn off, water wells were covered with sand, plants were uprooted. People rushed about in dispair amidst the storm. The earth was uninhabited, arid, treeless, and tiresome in its monotony".

This is an extract from the novel "Tauria" by Oles Gon-char.

For many centuries the Dnieper carried its waters through the arid, sandy steppes of Tauria, and the fields withered from droughts.

A sea in the steppe — this was the eternal dream — a sea which would quench the thirst of the parched Tauria steppes.

A long time ago several attempts were made to utilise the waters of this mighty river and to revive the southern steppes of the Ukraine. But this task proved too much both for John Perry, a lock master invited by Peter the First, and for Potyomkin, who gathered for that purpose thousands of soldiers and serfs, as well as for engineer major Francois de Volan.

The dream of centuries was realised only after the Great

October Revolution.

"The sea will be made", said the people. And it was created amid the steppes together with a wonderful town. It was about this town that Alexander Dovzhenko wrote:

"Novaya Kakhovka is one of the most wonderful towns. Everything in it is up-to-date, in everything there is the magic of the modern style — refined, joyous, and perfect".

Our acquaintance with the town will start from the Kakhovka Hydropower Station. The decree of the Council of Ministers of the U.S.S.R. on the construction of the station was issued on the 21st September, 1950. The place for the station was chosen so that the rise of the water level created by the dam should reach as far as Zaporozhye. In September, 1956 — a year earlier than it was planned — all the six units of the Kakhovka Hydropower Station were engaged at their full capacity. Now, the capacity of the station is over 350 thousand kilowatt-hours.

The hydraulic giant consists of the following structures: electric power station, earthen dam, reinforced-concrete dam, and shipping lock with entrance channels provided with extensive piers. The station is controlled automatically. You may walk throughout the territory of the station and meet no one. The men are only at the control panel and in the machine hall.

But this is only the beginning of the construction of hydro-electric power plants on the Dnieper. Altogether there will be fourteen hydropower stations, including six between Kiev and Kherson. By means of canals the Dnieper will be connected with the Zapadnaya Dvina and the Niemen, and through service will be opened between Kherson — Kaunas — Riga. Direct communication with Moscow will be established with the construction of the Dnieper-Oka Canal, and Kiev will become a port of five seas: the Black, Azov, Baltic, White, and Caspian Seas, and also the Kakhovka Sea, as well as other artificial seas that will be formed in the future. The North-Crimean Canal originates from the Kakhovka storage reservoir.

Novaya Kakhovka is a charming place. Beautiful are the old Dnieper and the young artificial sea, the green lanes in the parks and neat streets and squares.

Novaya Kakhovka is called a radiant town. It is not only because its streets are flooded with light in the evening, but also because the town itself, its houses and streets are radiant. Everything here is a pleasure to the eye: the white-stone houses with balconies entwined with vines, the wide asphalt-covered streets, the stadium, the open-air motion-picture theatre — and everywhere acacias and poplars. And what an abundance of flowerbeds!

Towering among the shady trees of the river-side park is a fine building — the Palace of Culture, the first large building in Novaya Kakhovka. There are rooms for leisure and rest, a library, a spacious hall, and rooms for amateur talent activities. The front of the building is decorated with a colonnade and ornaments, and the steps lead down to the Dnieper Embankment

When viewing Novaya Kakhovka from the side of the storage reservoir, one might think it is a resort, so smart does everything look. But from the side of the dam one sees that it is an industrial town with power lines stretching over the willows and the tall buildings of the works. Especially prominent among these is the Electrical Machinery Plant producing electric motors for mining and chemical industries. The production of this plant is delivered to coal and ore mines, to the iron and steel works of Siberia and the Urals, the Altai and the Donbas, to collective and state farms of the Ukraine and Kazakhstan, and to more than 40 countries of the world. But this is not the only large enterprise in the young town. There are also the Reinforced Concrete Structures Plant, a furniture factory, an oii mill, and a meat factory. Novaya Kakhovka alone releases now more products than the whole Kherson Region before the Great Patriotic War.

Situated in the suburb? are the plantations of the wine state farm. The viticulturists of Novaya Kakhovka, by utilising the system of irrigation channels and the cheap energy of the Kakhovka Hydropower Station, have become front-rank wine-growers in the Ukraine. Far beyond the Kherson Region spreads the fame of the local Heroes of Socialist Labour: deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the IJkr.S.S.R. Maria Grishina, Klavdia Shekhovtseva, Galina Terekhova, Gri-gory Ivaschenko, and others.

During the Great Patriotic War a group of young guerillas headed by Grigory Yaroshenko operated in the territory of the wine state farm. They were all brutally put to death by the Hitlerites. Now an obelisk with the names of the heroes stands in the centre of the village Dnepryany.

The trends of modern life, the labour of the people, their talent and skill, their courageous and manful daring, love and care of people — all this is embodied in the fine young town.

Novaya Kakhovka is connected with the ports and landing stages of the Dnieper basin by means of passenger lines: an express line Kiev-Kherson and a tourist line Dnepropetrovsk-Nikolayev. There is also an express line Kakhovka—Kherson.